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Hi,NkaujNtxuam. Yog lawm ma, we are hmong but we have no support then wha? I know,we will never give up but we can't.
936: Raise and fall of Chongtou Lo (Txoov Tub Lauj), son of Lo Bliayao (Lauj Npliaj Yob), to take over his father's duties as Kaitong (Kiab toom) ("Canton": political district). However, due to his ineffectiveness, he was replaced by his brother-in-law, Ly Foung (Lis Foom). Ly Foung's ascension to the position of Kaitong would eventually lead to clan conflict, the Lo Clan against the Ly Clan
1938: Appointment by French Administration of Touby Lyfoung (Tub Npis Lis Foom), son of the Ly Foung as the Kaitong.
1943: Arrival of Japanese troupes in Laos. Hmong two most powerful clans, the clan Ly/Lyfoung (lead by Touby Lyfoung, son of Ly Foung and nephew of Lo Blia Yao) and the Lo/Lobliayao (Lead by the Faydang Lobliayao (Faiv Ntaj Lauj Npliaj Yob), Lo Bliayao's son and Touby Lyfoung's uncle) fought for Lo Bliayao's political position of "Kaitong" in the District of Non Het in the Province of Xieng Khouang, Laos. The Ly/Lyfoung was supporters of the French colonialists and the Lo/Lobliayao, of the Japanese invaders: the end of the World War II divided the Hmong community into two fractions. The Ly/Lyfoung remained in Laos and supported the Lao royal regime. As for the Lo/Lobliayao, they fled to Vietnam where they joined the Pathet Lao, ally of the Vietnamese communist movement.
The RLAF mainly used the UH-34 as his standard medium helicopter. This machine was seen at Luang Prabang in 1970. At that date, dozen of them was in service, a figure that rose to 43 in 1973. (Photo credit: Roger Routin via Albert Grandolini)
It was only in May that the RLAF T-28s began to restore their operational capability. They even scored a spectacular victory that boosted the morale of his pilots. A convoy of North Vietnamese tanks and trucks had been surprised in open terrain in Plain of Jars and attacked. The T-28s knocked out two tanks and five trucks. After spending all of their ammunition, they then called in a flight of USAF F-4Cs and led them to the target. The Phantoms claimed two additional tanks destroyed and two other damaged.
In August 1965, the RLAF T-28 force was again fully operationnal with some 27 aircraft on strenght, including 3 RT-28s. Under the command the Brigadier General Thao Ma, the RLAF increased dramatically its sorties rate. Thao Ma had also converted several C-47s into “bombers” as well as “gunship” to defend the RLAF bases at night, as these came under increasing pressure from enemy sappers. After the sunset the T-28s would be grounded leaving the bases open to communist attacks, but the modified RLAF C-47 “gunships”, armed with .50 Cal machine guns, proved very successful in keeping the communists away. The converted “bombers” were fitted with a curved roller system out of the side door that allowed the dropping of ten 250lb bombs. This practice was, despite a considerable success, eventually stopped as other Lao generals complained bitterly that “their” C-47s were removed from the task of smuggling drugs for them. Behaviour like this was causing quite some quarrels within the Laotian military establishment: Gen. Ma, for example, opposed the transfer of his headquarters from Wattay to Savannakhet, feeling this would remove him much to far away from the center of the power. Ma, a former paratrooper, one of the first Lao T-6 and then T-28 pilots and the Commander of the RLAF since 1961, was a charismatic person, actually a true warrior, excellent and aggressive pilot, well-liked by most of RLAF and also US-pilots, and – despite his mixed Lao-Vietnamese heritage – a true Laotian patriot. Initially a fierce opponent of foreign presence in Laos, with the time he developed into the most powerful proponent of the US military assistance. His popularity within the Royal Laotian military grew to a degree where most of the other higher officers were endlessly jealous – to a point where some of them were organising attempts against his life. Gen. Ma knew that, for example, the Hmong General Vang Pao was sponsored by the CIA with an extensive secret base at Long Tieng, and that the Air America and RLAF transports were used to support Pao’s Xieng Khouang Air Transport in shifting raw opium. He also knew that there were frequent quarrels between different generals and local warlords because of opium consignements.
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Another Air America much-used aircraft was the De Haviland C-7 Caribou. Its STOL capability was well adapted for the small Laotian airstrips. In March 1970 several of them were even turned on makeshift bomber by dropping barrels of Napalm against the advancing North Vietnamese on the Plain of Jars. (Photo credit: Albert Grandolini Collection)
The CIA began to recruit Hmongs to train them as pilots at the end of 1966. If most of them were graduated only as observers to fly with the RLAF/RAVEN FACs, some of them become pilots, including seven who were qualified on T-28 fighter-bomber. Among them was Lee Lu, a former elementary school teacher, who becomes an exceptional flier. He was always willing to accept the most difficult missions and his bombing accuracy was impressive. He quickly rose to command the Wattay’s T-28 squadron but preferred to be detached at Long Tieng, the Hmong Headquarter. He became a sort of national hero for the tribesmen. His legend even spread to the other allied airmen based in Thailand and involved in the air war in northern Laos. He seemed to have never enough, flying up from eight to ten sorties per day! Unfortunately as many RLAF T-28 pilot, he was shot down and killed after 18 months of intensive aerial operations. (Photo credit: Albert Grandolini Collection)
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Lao,Hmong and American veterans Memorial
- Registration date : 2008-08-21